Sofia is a town with a thousand-year history, unique for Europe and one of the cities with the most ancient past. The remains of the Stone and Bronze Age are still found in the center of the city. It is believed that the reason for the settlement of the ancient people in this place is the warm mineral springs that abound in the Sofia field.
The name Sofia was given to the town by the name of the Hagia Sophia in the 14th century when the Bulgarians fell under Ottoman rule. After Bulgaria was released in 1878, on April 3, 1879, Sofia was proclaimed the capital.
Sofia keeps many valuable monuments from the past great epochs. Walking around the capital, tourists can see the remains of the Eastern Gate of Serdika – Sredets dating back to the II – XIV c. The remains are located in the subway between the Presidency and the Council of Ministers and around them there are many shops where you can buy traditional Bulgarian souvenirs and rose water.